1998-2021 (excluding 2005 and 2006)
Collects detailed information on confinement facilities, detention centers, jails, and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Information is gathered on inmate counts, movements, facility operations, and staff. In selected years (1998, 2004, 2007, and 2011), additional information was collected on facility programs and services, such as medical assessments and mental health screening procedures, inmate work assignments, counseling, and educational programs. In 2020 and 2021, a special addendum was added to the SJIC to measure the impact of COVID-19 on Indian country jails.
The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC) includes all Indian country correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs. The survey is designed to describe all adult and juvenile jail facilities and detention centers in Indian country. For this collection, Indian country includes reservations, pueblos, rancherias, and other appropriate areas, as specified in 18 U.S.C. § 1151.
BJS updates its roster of jails in Indian country each year by faxing or emailing questionnaires to jail administrators and making follow-up phone calls. As part of the 2021 SJIC, BJS pilot-tested the web-based data collection in nine facilities. All nine submitted their surveys. The survey universe and response rates have changed over time. Some facilities closed or merged, new facilities were constructed, and existing facilities became operational and newly eligible for the survey. See table 11 in the report Jails in Indian Country, 2021, and the Impact of COVID-19, July–December 2020 for the Indian country jail survey universe and response rates for 2010 and from 2015 to 2021. See the Jails in Indian Country series for the survey universes in 1998 to 2009 and 2011 to 2014.
Survey of Jails in Indian Country
Jails in Indian Country 2007 Table 7. Admissions, discharges, and average length of stay in Indian country jails during June, by facility size, 2007
Since beginning in 1998, the SJIC survey instrument has expanded to gather data on inmate admissions offenses, population measurements (e.g., average daily population and offense categories), and inmate health services and facility programs. In 2013, BJS enhanced the SJIC offense category questionnaire item to include burglary, larceny-theft, and public intoxication. The enhancement allowed classification of previously unspecified offenses. In 2020 and 2021, a special addendum was added to the SJIC to measure the impact of COVID-19 on Indian country jails.