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Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2023

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 2023

This report fulfills the requirement of the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA; P.L. 111-211, 124 Stat. 2258, § 251(b)) to report annually on BJS’s activities to establish and enhance a tribal crime data collection system. It is the 13th in a series that began in 2011 to meet TLOA’s annual requirement to report on activities to establish and enhance a tribal crime data collection system. The report highlights data collections that covered tribal populations, summarizes statistical findings on tribal justice agencies and the American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) population, and provides information on funding to tribes to enhance tribal participation in national records and information systems.

  • From fiscal year (FY) 2016 to FY 2022, BJS awarded seven grants totaling $2.2 million to tribes to improve and automate their criminal history records and databases.
  • The total number of tribally operated law enforcement agencies in the United States increased 32%, from 178 in 2008 to 234 in 2018.
  • Ninety-two percent of AIAN youth surveyed between 2008 and 2018 reported ever using any drug in their lifetime, and 88% reported ever drinking alcohol.
  • Among AIAN persons admitted to state prison in 2014 across 34 states, about 8 in 10 (84%) had been arrested for a violent offense at least once in their criminal history.
  • In FY 2021, federal law enforcement agencies arrested 2,522 AIAN persons, U.S. district courts sentenced 1,392, and federal prisons admitted 1,484 and released 1,440.

Date Published: July 28, 2023