National Survey of Tribal Court Systems (NSTCS)
The legal institutions in Indian country revolve around four main entities: indigenous or traditional courts, general jurisdiction courts, appellate courts, and the Bureau of Indian Affair’s Code of Federal Regulation courts. The National Survey of Tribal Court Systems (NSTCS) is the first complete enumeration of tribal court systems operating in the United States and gathers administrative and operational information from tribal court systems, prosecutors’...
Tribal Courts in the United States, 2014 – Statistical Tables
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2021
The Indian Reorganization Act in 1934 recognized the right of tribes to enact their own laws and establish their own formal tribal courts. Some tribes have developed hybrid or blended judicial systems, incorporating a more formal focus to ensure due process and the dispute resolution elements of indigenous courts or Courts of Indian Offenses—Code of Federal Regulations, or CFR, courts operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Formal tribal courts, unlike the CFR courts, are under tribal control...
Tribal Crime and Justice
The Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA; P.L. 111-211, 124 Stat. 2258 § 251(b)) requires BJS to establish and implement a tribal crime data-collection system, and support tribal participation in national records and information systems. The Act specifies data collection and analysis of crimes committed on federally recognized reservations, in tribal communities, and on identified trust lands which in combination are commonly referred...
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2016-18
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2017
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2016
2014 National Survey of Tribal Court Systems (NSTCS-14)
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2015
BJS FY 15 National Survey of Tribal Courts Systems (NSTSC-14)
BJS FY 15 Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country, 2016-2019
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2014
State and Local Justice Agencies Serving Tribal Lands (SLJASTL)
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2013
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2012
2011 National Survey of Tribal Courts Systems
BJS FY 11 Census of Tribal Court
Jails in Indian Country, 1998 and 1999
EMBARGOED UNTIL 4:30 P.M. EDT BJS SUNDAY, JULY 9, 2000 202/307-0784 JAILS AFFILIATED WITH 53 AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBES IN 18 STATES HELD 1,621 INMATES ON JUNE 30, 1999 WASHINGTON, D.C. More than 1,600 American Indians were incarcerated in Indian country jails at midyear 1999, the Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), announced today. The number was 8 percent higher than the previous year. The...
Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Jurisdictions (CTJA02)
Includes data on the number of law enforcement agencies and officers; characteristics of tribal courts and their caseloads; types of available criminal sanctions; and criminal justice statistics data collection and sharing capacity. The census collected data from nearly 350 tribes in the continental U.S. and is the first comprehensive effort to identify the range of justice agencies operating in tribal jurisdictions, the services those agencies...