The legal institutions in Indian country revolve around four main entities: indigenous or traditional courts, general jurisdiction courts, appellate courts, and the Bureau of Indian Affair’s Code of Federal Regulation courts. The National Survey of Tribal Court Systems (NSTCS) is the first complete enumeration of tribal court systems operating in the United States and gathers administrative and operational information from tribal court systems, prosecutors’ offices, and indigent defense providers operating in the United States.
The National Survey of Victim Service Providers (NSVSP) provides national data on programs and organizations that served victims of crime or abuse within the year prior to the survey. It aims to fill important gaps in our understanding of victim service providers (VSPs) and the victims they serve, providing insight into how the field is equipped to meet victims' needs.
The National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 as specified in PREA; P.L. 108-79. PREA requires a 10% sample of juvenile facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault.
The Police-Public Contact Survey (PPCS) provides detailed information on the characteristics of persons who had some type of contact with police during the past year, including those who contacted the police to report a crime or were pulled over in a traffic stop. The PPCS interviews a nationally representative sample of residents age 16 or older as a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The survey provides information with which to examine citizens' perceptions of police behavior and response during these encounters.
BJS uses criminal history records to study the number and types of crimes committed by state prisoners both prior to and following their release. The first study tracked a sample of state prisoners released in 11 states in 1983, and the second study followed a sample of state prisoners released in 15 states in 1994. Both studies had a 3-year follow-up period. The latest study tracked a sample of prisoners released in 34 states in 2012 for 5 years after release.
The one-time survey provided national estimates of the recidivism rate of felons sentenced to probation in selected years. In the survey, samples of convicted felons placed on probation were tracked for three years, and data were compiled on the percentage of them who were are rearrested, reconvicted, or reimprisoned for new crimes within the three-year follow-up period. The various recidivism measures were based on official criminal history records maintained by each state.
Cosponsored by the Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is administered every two years. This supplement asks respondents ages 12 through 18 about crimes that occurred at school and other characteristics of school crime. It is the oldest of the active NCVS supplements.
The National Crime Victimization Survey’s (NCVS) Supplemental Fraud Survey (SFS) collects data on the experiences of adults across seven types of personal financial fraud during the preceding 12 months. It also collects information on victim characteristics, and whether the incident was reported to police or others.
The National Crime Victimization Survey's (NCVS) Supplemental Victimization Survey (SVS) asks persons age 16 or older about their experiences with stalking during the preceding 12 months and collects information on the demographic characteristics of stalking victims. It also collects information on the nature of stalking victimization, including the number of offenders, the victim-offender relationship, and the frequency and duration of the stalking.
Survey of Prison Inmates (SPI) is a periodic, cross-sectional survey of the state and sentenced federal prison populations.
The Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). This is an administrative data collection based on allegations of sexual victimization by other inmates or staff that are reported to correctional authorities. The collection includes an enumeration of incidents reported to state prison systems; state juvenile correctional systems; the federal prison system; U.S.
The Survey of State Attorneys General Offices was designed to collect data on special topic areas. The first survey in the series addressed jurisdiction over white-collar crime and the second addressed jurisdiction over human-trafficking offenses. Because the roles and responsibilities of attorneys general vary by state, the White-Collar Crime survey was a census of the 50 states and the District of Columbia; the Human Trafficking survey was a census of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the inhabited territories of the U.S.