Includes data on the number of law enforcement agencies and officers; characteristics of tribal courts and their caseloads; types of available criminal sanctions; and criminal justice statistics data collection and sharing capacity. The census collected data from nearly 350 tribes in the continental U.S. and is the first comprehensive effort to identify the range of justice agencies operating in tribal jurisdictions, the services those agencies provide, and the types of information systems maintained
American Indians in the United States belong to approximately 562 federally recognized tribes — as well as bands and clans — that have a distinct history, culture, and often a separate language (Federal Register, Vol. 68, No. 234, December 5, 2003). Three hundred forty-one federally recognized American Indian tribes are located in the lower 48 States. Participation by Alaska Native tribes or villages was not extensive enough to enable their inclusion in any related reports, which instead describe data from Indian tribes located in the lower 48 States of the continental United States.