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Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD)

Data Collection Status
Annually from 2003 to 2012
Latest Data Available
Data Experts
Kevin M. Scott, Ph.D., BJS Statistician
Collection Period

ARD data were collected on annual cycles that began January 1 and ended December 31 each calendar year from 2003 to 2012.


The Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) component of Mortality In Correctional Institutions (MCI) (Formerly Deaths In Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is a national census of all manners of arrest-related deaths and includes all civilian deaths that occurred during, or shortly after, state or local law enforcement personnel engaged in an arrest or restraint process. With the exception of innocent bystanders, hostages, and law enforcement personnel, all juvenile and adult deaths of criminal suspects and noncriminal individuals whose death was attributed to events that occurred during an interaction with state or local law enforcement personnel were reportable to the ARD program.

BJS uses the term "arrest-related" to capture civilian deaths that occurred prior to, during, or following an arrest event or noncriminal incident and that were attributed to

  • any use of force by state or local law enforcement
  • injuries sustained while attempting to elude law enforcement or injuries incurred while in custody
  • self-imposed events, such as suicides, accidents caused by the decedent, and intoxication
  • medical conditions or illness.

Date Created: August 25, 2011