The Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS) was developed in 2007 to collect data on alleged human trafficking incidents from state and local law enforcement agencies. It collected information on incident, suspect, and victim characteristics from 38 human trafficking task forces, funded by the Department of Justice. Incident data include the number of suspects and victims, number of agencies involved in the incident, confirmation of incident as human trafficking, and type of lead agency. Victim data include demographic characteristics such as age, race, gender, and citizenship status. In addition to demographic characteristics, suspect data include available arrest, adjudication, and sentencing information.
As of September 30, 2008, 38 federally funded human task forces were enrolled to report monthly on incidents, suspects, and victims identified and investigated by their task force. The task forces include representatives from federal, state, and local law enforcement, prosecutors, labor regulators/inspection services, victim service providers, other non-governmental agencies, and mental health providers.
The task forces involve partnerships with varying coverage areas, including entire states/territories (6) and regions, multiple counties, single counties, and metropolitan areas (32). Combined, the task forces represented areas that covered nearly 25% of the nation's resident population at midyear 2008. Although the task forces are not representative of the entire nation, they are widely dispersed geographically.
Among the 38 task forces that reported data, 23 reported at least one confirmed case of human trafficking, with nine reporting five or more confirmed cases. The remaining task forces (15) reported only incidents of potential human trafficking.