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An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Federal law enforcement agencies

Federal Justice System

BJS maintains multiple data collections covering various aspects of the federal justice system encompassing law enforcement, prosecution, courts, and corrections. BJS data collections range from censuses of law enforcement and annual deaths in custody to federal case processing statistical information, describing the number of suspects/defendants from arrest to imprisonment.


Law Enforcement

Law enforcement describes the agencies and employees responsible for enforcing laws, maintaining public order, and managing public safety. The primary duties of law enforcement include the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected of criminal offenses. Some law enforcement agencies, particularly sheriffs' offices, also have a significant role in the detention of individuals convicted of criminal offenses.

BJS maintains several national data collections, covering federal...

Federal Law Enforcement Agency Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (FDCRP)

The Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2013 (DICRA) requires the head of each federal law enforcement agency to submit to the U.S. attorney general, information about the death of any person who is

  • detained, under arrest, or in the process of being arrested by a federal law enforcement officer (or by a state or local law enforcement officer while participating in a federal law...

Federal Law Enforcement Agency Deaths in Custody Reporting Program, 2018-2021

Closing Date
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) seeks applications for the administration of the Federal Law Enforcement Agency Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (FDCRP), 2018-2021. The purposes of the FDCRP program is to (1) collect complete and accurate information on all federal arrest-related and detained or incarcerated deaths; (2) implement a consistent data collection program across all federal law enforcement agencies, and (3) increase efficiency and...

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails, 2016-2020

Closing Date
BJS initiated the DCRP in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DICRA) of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), which encouraged states to report certain information related to the deaths of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies. BJS developed three data collection efforts under the DCRP; these obtained data on deaths in state prisons, in local jails, and in the process of arrest to...