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Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (DICRA)

Death in Custody Reporting Act

Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) collects data on deaths that occur while inmates are in the custody of local jails, state prisons, or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). Local jail and state prison data are collected directly from jails and state departments of corrections. Until 2015, the BOP submitted only aggregated deaths counts, by cause and sex. Starting with the 2015 reference year, the BOP submitted detailed data about each prisoner's death.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails

Closing Date
Deaths in Custody Reporting Program BJS initiated the DCRP in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DICRA) of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), which encouraged states to report certain information related to the deaths of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies. BJS developed three data collection efforts under the DCRP; these obtained data on deaths in state prisons, in local jails, and in the process of arrest to include deaths occurring in police lockups. BJS has collected data under the DCRP since 2000 and currently collects data directly from state prisons and local jails.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails, 2016-2020

Closing Date
BJS initiated the DCRP in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DICRA) of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), which encouraged states to report certain information related to the deaths of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies. BJS developed three data collection efforts under the DCRP; these obtained data on deaths in state prisons, in local jails, and in the process of arrest to include deaths occurring in police lockups. BJS has collected data under the DCRP since 2000 and currently collects data directly from state prisons and local jails.

BJS FY 15 Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails, 2016-2020

Closing Date
The Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) collects data on deaths of inmates who are in the custody of local jails or state prisons. Local jail and state prison data are collected directly from jails and state departments of corrections. The DCRP provides individual-level data on the number of deaths by year, cause of death, and decedent age, race or Hispanic origin, and sex. These data are also used to produce facility and population mortality rates.

Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD)

The Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) component of Mortality In Correctional Institutions (MCI) (Formerly Deaths In Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is a national census of all manners of arrest-related deaths and includes all civilian deaths that occurred during, or shortly after, state or local law enforcement personnel engaged in an arrest or restraint process.