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Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI)

Death in Custody Reporting Act

Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) collects data on deaths that occur while inmates are in the custody of local jails, state prisons, or the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). Local jail and state prison data are collected directly from jails and state departments of corrections. Until 2015, the BOP submitted only aggregated deaths counts, by cause and sex. Starting with the 2015 reference year, the BOP submitted detailed data about each prisoner's death.

FY 18 Mortality in Correctional Institutions

Closing Date
Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) (formerly known as the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is a BJS flagship data collection that began in 2000. Through this collection, BJS measures mortality in correctional settings and reports on how and why inmates die in custody. BJS collects inmate mortality data annually from nearly 3,000 local jails and 50 state departments of corrections (DOCs). Respondents report the cause of death and circumstances surrounding the death, as well as decedent demographic characteristics.

Federal Law Enforcement Agency Deaths in Custody Reporting Program, 2018-2021

Closing Date
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) seeks applications for the administration of the Federal Law Enforcement Agency Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (FDCRP), 2018-2021. The purposes of the FDCRP program is to (1) collect complete and accurate information on all federal arrest-related and detained or incarcerated deaths; (2) implement a consistent data collection program across all federal law enforcement agencies, and (3) increase efficiency and timeliness of data collection, analysis, and dissemination of findings.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails

Closing Date
Deaths in Custody Reporting Program BJS initiated the DCRP in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DICRA) of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), which encouraged states to report certain information related to the deaths of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies. BJS developed three data collection efforts under the DCRP; these obtained data on deaths in state prisons, in local jails, and in the process of arrest to include deaths occurring in police lockups. BJS has collected data under the DCRP since 2000 and currently collects data directly from state prisons and local jails.

BJS FY 16 Visiting Fellows Program Criminal Justice Statistics Programs Corrections Unit

Closing Date
The visiting fellow will also continue his work with the Corrections Unit by completing his current work on life expectancy of state prisoners. Life expectancy estimates better inform whether the known mortality advantage of incarcerated persons (i.e. incarcerated persons have a lower mortality rate than their U.S. population counterparts) is temporary or permanent by calculating the number of person years of life gained, or lost, due to incarceration.

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program and Annual Survey of Jails, 2016-2020

Closing Date
BJS initiated the DCRP in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DICRA) of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), which encouraged states to report certain information related to the deaths of individuals in the custody of law enforcement agencies. BJS developed three data collection efforts under the DCRP; these obtained data on deaths in state prisons, in local jails, and in the process of arrest to include deaths occurring in police lockups. BJS has collected data under the DCRP since 2000 and currently collects data directly from state prisons and local jails.