Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2016, $577,216)
The National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) is an effort to expand the FBIs National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) into a nationally representative system of incident-based crime statistics. BJS and the FBI are implementing NCS-X with the support of other Department of Justice agencies, including the Office for Victims of Crime. The goal of NCS-X is to enroll a sample of 400 scientifically selected law enforcement agencies to submit data to NIBRS; when these 400 new NIBRS-reporting agencies are combined with the more than 6,300 agencies that reported to NIBRS as of 2013, the nation will have a nationally representative system of incident-based crime statistics drawn from the operational data systems of local police departments. These incident-based data will draw upon the attributes and circumstances of criminal incidents and allow for more detailed and transparent descriptions of crime in communities. The current mechanism by which local law enforcement (LE) agencies report data to the FBIs NIBRS, in general, is for local LE agencies to submit data to their state UCR reporting program, and then for the state UCR program to report those data to the FBI. While the FBI does accept NIBRS data directly from a small number of law enforcement agencies, the highly preferred route of reporting is through the state UCR program. Funding from 2016 National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) Implementation Assistance Program will help states to expand their current capacity to report incident-based crime data to the FBIs National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The plan to transition local agencies to NIBRS reporting requires enhancing the state pipeline in order to ensure that each states Uniform Crime Reporting program is capable of receiving and processing local incident-based crime data. For states that currently have no NIBRS program, the primary goal of this funding is to help them design and/or implement a NIBRS-certified incident-based reporting (IBR) program and begin reporting NIBRS data from at least one agency from the NCS-X sample. For states with a NIBRS component but have less than 80% reporting, the primary goal of this funding is to help the state program expand their capacity to receive and process additional IBR data and begin reporting NIBRS data from at least one agency from the NCS-X sample. Funding will also support state programs to conduct readiness assessments with sampled agencies with the state.
Kansas has been a NIBRS reporting state since 1993, with 419 agencies (out of 425 statewide) reporting NIBRS data to KBI, representing just under 80% of the state population. Six agencies are presently unable to submit NIBRS reports, including Topeka Police Department and Olathe Police Department, both of whom are NCS-X sample agencies. Due to the instability of the repository and gateway software, both of which were developed in 1993, KIBRS has seen a steady decrease in the number of agencies who have the ability to continue to submit data electronically. Presently only 71 agencies are electronically submitting their NIBRS data to KBI; the remainder submit copies of their Kansas Standard Offense Reports (KSOR) and Arrest Reports (KSAR) to the KIBRS unit of KBI, where they are entered into the repository. Funding under this award will enable KBI to update and replace their statewide NIBRS repository to enable electronic reporting by law enforcement agencies throughout Kansas and to automate the submission of NIBRS reports. Specifically, funding will be used to update the IBR repository and build a system interface that will include a direct incident form submission capability for agencies currently submitting via paper to KBI. Funds will also be provided to enable one of the sampled agencies, Topeka, to build an interface between their RMS and the state--allowing them to begin reporting data electronically to KBI.