1970, 1972, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, 1999, 2005/2006, 2013, 2019
The 2019 Census of Jails (COJ) is part of a series of data collections that studies the nation's local jails and the 12 Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) detention facilities that function as jails. The 2019 COJ collected data necessary for producing estimates on local jail populations, including one-day custody counts by sex, race and Hispanic origin, conviction status, and severity of offense (felony and misdemeanor); counts of non-U.S. citizens by conviction status; juvenile counts; holds for state and federal authorities; admissions and releases; and average daily population by sex. It also collected data on facility information, including rated and design capacity, staffing, and opioid testing and treatment programs. The COJ is the only collection that enumerates local jails and the 12 BOP facilities that function as jails in the United States and provides inmate counts at the jail facility level. It provides the sampling frame for the Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ) and the Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ).
The Census of Jails (COJ) collects data on jail facilities and the inmate populations they supervise. Administered to nearly 3,200 local jails (city, county, regional, and private) nationwide and the 12 Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) detention facilities that function as jails, the COJ provides state and national estimates on the number of inmates confined in jails, characteristics of the jail population, counts of admissions and releases, and jail facility characteristics. The COJ includes all locally operated jails in 45 states and the District of Columbia, and 15 locally operated jails in Alaska. It excludes temporary holding facilities and state-operated facilities in Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The 2019 COJ collected data on facility characteristics and programs, including rated and design capacity, staffing, and opioid testing and treatment protocols. It also collected data necessary for producing estimates on local jail populations, including one-day custody counts by sex, conviction status, severity of offense (felony and misdemeanor), counts of U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens, juvenile counts, and holds for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and other state and federal authorities, average daily population, admissions, releases, and turnover rates.
Multi-Jurisdiction Facility (CJ-3B)
Private Facility (CJ-3C)
In Indian Country (CJ-3D)
Annual Summary on Inmates Under Jail Jurisdiction CJ-9A
The number of inmates per jail employee, by occupational category and region, midyear 1983, 1988, 1993, and 1999
The questionnaire is modified with each iteration to capture information on evolving issues in criminal justice and topics of greatest interest to users.