Findings from the survey of federal inmates, sponsored for the first time by the Bureau of Prisons, are compared with those from the 1991 BJS survey of state prisoners. The report presents demographic, familial, and criminal justice characteristics of the two incarcerated populations: employment and income before prison, physical or sexual abuse during childhood, weapon use during the current crime, and recidivism. Numerical tables summarize the inmates' reported drug and alcohol use before their offense and the drug or alcohol therapy they had received. A special section from the Federal survey describes prison programs and conditions. Paper copy only.