Every year since 1980, BJS has extracted justice expenditure and employment data from the Census Bureau's Annual Government Finance Survey and Annual Survey of Public Employment. BJS publishes these data in the Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts series, which presents estimates of government expenditures and employment for the following justice categories: police protection, all judicial and legal functions (including prosecution, courts, and public defense), and corrections. This series includes data for national, federal, state, and large local governments (counties with populations of 500,000 or more and cities with populations of 300,000 or more). The unit of analysis in the Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts series is the government. For example, the corrections employment reported for any particular state represents the total of all correctional personnel employed by that state, regardless of which prison, probation office, or other corrections agency employs them.
State and local data are compiled from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Annual Survey of State and Local Government Finance and Annual Survey of Public Employment and Payroll. The justice data include the expenditures and employment of the state governments, and a sample of county, municipal, and township governments. Unless otherwise noted, data for total governmental expenditures, including justice and non-justice governmental functions, also include the expenditures of special districts and school districts, which generally do not have justice functions. Every five years, state and local data for the JEEE are sourced from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Census of Governments.
Federal expenditures and employment justice data included as part of the JEEE are sourced from the Office of Management and Budget’s Budget of the United States Government, the Office of Personnel Management’s Fedscope dataset, and USASpending.gov.
See BJS's Data User's Guide to the Justice Expenditure and Employment Data Series.
Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts - 1980 and 1981 Data From the Annual General Finance and Employment Surveys
The finance portion of the sampling parameters has changed over time. In 2001 and 2003, the sample size was cut by 50%. The smaller sample did not produce reliable state-by-state estimates for local expenditures. The 2004 sample reverted back to the same methods as the 2000 sample.