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State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS)

Pretrial Release

Pretrial release refers to the conditions of release from custody to which defendants must adhere during the time period between the filing of charges by law enforcement and court adjudication. After arrest charges are filed, the courts will decide whether a defendant can be released pending trial and other court proceedings. If a defendant is released pretrial, the courts may issue stipulations on that release that fall along a spectrum of least to most restrictive, often driven by the severity of the charges filed and the defendant’s prior criminal history.

Case Processing

BJS has sponsored periodic data collections on criminal trial and appellate litigation in state courts since 1986. BJS’s current collection is Criminal Cases in State Courts (CCSC), an effort to examine data on the processing of felony cases in state courts of general jurisdiction.

National Pretrial Reporting Program

Closing Date
The National Pretrial Reporting Program (NPRP, renamed State Court Processing Statistics) series compiles information on criminal justice processing of persons charged with felony offenses in state courts, with particular attention to pretrial release and detention. NPRP was historically collected prospectively, following case filings for twenty-four (homicides) or twelve months (all other cases). Data were collected from courts and criminal justice agencies in 40 of the 75 largest urban counties.

State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS)

Formerly National Pretrial Reporting Program (through 1994), SCPS provided data on the criminal justice processing of persons charged with felonies in 40 jurisdictions representative of the 75 largest counties. These counties accounted for nearly half of the serious crime nationwide. The program prospectively tracked felony defendants from charging by the prosecutor until disposition of their cases (a maximum of 12 months for nonmurder cases and 24 months for murder cases).