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Probation and Parole in the United States, 2013

NCJ Number
248029
Date Published
October 2014
Author(s)
Erinn J. Herberman, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics; Thomas P. Bonczar, Bureau of Justice Statistics
Publication Type
Publication
Annotation
Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2013.
Abstract

Presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2013. The report presents trends over time for the overall community supervision population and describes changes in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the entries and exits from probation and parole and the mean time served. It also presents outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervision or were returned to incarceration. Appendix tables include jurisdiction-level information on the population counts and number of entries and exits for probation and parole, jurisdiction-level information on the types of entries and exits for parole, and national-level data on the distribution of offenders on probation or parole by sex, race or Hispanic origin, most serious offense type, and status of supervision.

Highlights
  • At yearend 2013, an estimated 4,751,400 adults were under community supervision—down about 29,900 offenders from yearend 2012.
  • Approximately 1 in 51 adults in the United States was under community supervision at yearend 2013.
  • Between yearend 2012 and 2013, the adult probation population declined by about 32,200 offenders, falling to an estimated 3,910,600 offenders at yearend 2013.
  • The adult parole population increased by about 2,100 offenders between yearend 2012 and 2013, to about 853,200 offenders at yearend 2013.
  • Both parole entries (down 6.2%) and exits (down 7.8%) declined between 2012 and 2013, with approximately 922,900 movements onto and off parole during 2013.
Date Modified: January 29, 2015

The footnotes in Appendix Tables 1 and 2 mistakenly state that the rates were computed using the estimated U.S. adult population in each jurisdiction on January 1, 2013. The estimates were based on the population for January 1, 2014.

Date Created: October 24, 2014