Describes activities during 2018 and 2019 by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to collect data and report on the incidence and effects of prison rape, as required by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). This report describes the data collections and developmental activities during 2018 and 2019, particularly BJS's use of the National Survey of Youth in Custody, National Inmate Survey, and Survey of Sexual Victimization to collect multiple measures of the incidence and prevalence of rape and sexual assault in correctional facilities. Each of these collections is an independent effort, and they are not directly comparable. This report meets the PREA requirement to report on BJS's activities for the preceding calendar year by June 30 of each year.