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Female Victims of Sexual Violence, 1994-2010

NCJ Number
240655
Date Published
March 2013
Author(s)
Michael G. Planty, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics; Lynn Langton, Ph.D., Bureau of Justice Statistics; Christopher Krebs, Ph.D., RTI International; Marcus Berzofsky, DrPH, RTI International; Hope Smiley-McDonald, Ph.D., RTI International
Agencies
BJS
Publication Type
Publication
Annotation
Presents trends in the rate of completed or attempted rape or sexual assault against females from 1995 to 2010.
Abstract

Presents trends in the rate of completed or attempted rape or sexual assault against females from 1995 to 2010. The report examines demographic characteristics of female victims of sexual violence and characteristics of the offender and incident, including victim-offender relationship, whether the offender had a weapon, and the location of the victimization. The report also examines changes over time in the percentages of female victims of sexual violence who suffered an injury and received formal medical treatment, reported the victimization to the police, and received assistance from a victim service provider. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households.

Highlights
  • From 1995 to 2010, the estimated annual rate of female rape or sexual assault victimizations declined 58%, from 5.0 victimizations per 1,000 females age 12 or older to 2.1 per 1,000.
  • In 2005-10, females who were age 34 or younger, who lived in lower income households, and who lived in rural areas experienced some of the highest rates of sexual violence.
  • In 2005-10, the offender was armed with a gun, knife, or other weapon in 11% of rape or sexual assault victimizations.
  • In 2005-10, 78% of sexual violence involved an offender who was a family member, intimate partner, friend, or acquaintance.
Date Modified: May 23, 2016

Figure 3 was calculated from a base of both male and female victims rather than only female victims. Because males account for a small portion of rape and sexual assault victims, the overall trend does not change but the annual percentage of victimizations reported to the police changed slightly.

Date Created: January 8, 2013