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Rhode Island SJS 2019

Award Information

Award #
2019-86-CX-K023
Location
Awardee County
Rhode Island
Congressional District
Status
Open
Funding First Awarded
2019
Total funding (to date)
$214,626

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2019, $58,826)

The State Justice Statistics (SJS) Program is designed to maintain and enhance each state's capacity to address criminal justice issues through collection and analysis of data. The SJS Program provides support to each state to coordinate and conduct statistical activities within the state, conduct research to estimate impacts of legislative and policy changes, and serve as a liaison in assisting BJS to gather data from respondent agencies within their states.

The Rhode Island SAC is located within the Public Safety Grant Administration Office (“PSGAO”). The PSGAO is comprised of a Criminal Justice Policy Board, a Steering Committee, and such permanent and ad hoc committees and task forces as the Policy Board deems necessary. The SAC functions are to plan, coordinate, collect data, perform statistical analyses, and administer/distribute grants for the adult criminal and juvenile justice systems. Three years ago, Rhode Island launched a statewide initiative to modernize and reform the state’s criminal justice system. On July 7, 2015, the Governor issued an Executive Order establishing a Justice Reinvestment Working Group (the “Working Group”). The Working Group brought together 27 representatives from all three branches of state government, as well as critical stakeholders from across the criminal justice system and from the behavioral and mental health communities. Together with the Council of State Governments Justice Center, the Working Group spent months analyzing local and statewide data to identify the most pressing issues plaguing the state’s criminal justice system, and to strategize both legislative and non-legislative solutions to these issues. The Working Group’s research culminated in a report entitled “Justice Reinvestment in Rhode Island: Analysis and Policy Framework.” The Report made three principal findings. First, Rhode Island’s antiquated probation laws and policies contribute significantly to the number of people incarcerated in the state. Second, the probation system is overwhelmed, and officers are unable to provide the meaningful supervision that reduces recidivism and upholds public safety. Third, judges are not given the information they need to make pretrial release decisions, identify appropriate pretrial diversion options, and connect people to treatment.

Under the FY 2019 award, the RI SAC will establish a data exchange that will give the SAC seamless access to information such as admissions, exits, and stock populations for jail, probation, and/or parole and state court or prosecutor statistics including criminal case initiations, pre-trial activities, bail, bond, plea bargains, dispositions, and sentences. This data will help the SAC monitor the implementation of justice reinvestment policies as well as provide stock data from which the SAC or other researchers may perform targeted analyses of the state’s criminal history records.

The SAC will implement this data exchange by permanently housing it at the SAC and accessible to the public. Essentially, the SAC will function as a central hub for Rhode Island criminal justice data and help facilitate inter-branch communication as any user navigates their way through different law enforcement and public health agencies. This data will be housed on a web-based platform and available on the SAC’s website. By centralizing and synthesizing this data, the RI SAC hopes to improve research into Rhode Island’s criminal justice system and to integrate evidence into policy and practice.

(CA/NCF)

Date Created: September 16, 2019