Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2021, $392,371)
This proposal describes the activities of several projects under the core capacity and special emphasis categories of the SJS solicitation. We propose three Core Capacity Projects (CCP) and a Special Emphasis Project (SEP).
CCP A will “assess the quality and completeness of incident-based crime data reported by local law enforcement agencies to the NIBRS [by examining] the reporting of simple and aggravated assaults to…NIBRS to assess differences in how local law enforcement agencies have recorded assault over time and across reporting units” (solicitation p. 7). We will examine the reliability and validity of simple and aggravated assaults across Michigan police agencies and over time. We will consider variation in clearance rates and contextual factors known to influence violent crime. This project has national implications due to the movement to NIBRS reporting.
CCP B aims to “help the state develop and improve criminal justice statistical processes and make analytical tools available to agencies to better address public safety and administration of justice goals” (solicitation p. 8). The proposed project will grow previous efforts between the Michigan Statistical Analysis Center (MISAC) and our State Administering Agency, which is the Michigan State Police (MSP), by integrating the MSP’s Drug Endangered Children program into previous efforts. This project represents a sustained relationship with the SAA geared toward future collaboration and capacity building.
CCP C’s goal is to help MSP with “electronic infrastructure development, enhancements, and linkages, including developing or using new sources of data…and preparing reports for dissemination via the internet” (solicitation p. 8). The project involves the development of a data dashboard for MSP’s traffic stop data. The information system will allow MSP to conduct internal benchmarking audits to assess the extent of disproportionate minority contact in traffic stops. We will produce several products including a “how-to” guide for other agencies looking to develop similar dashboards.
The SEP proposes a study of traffic stop patterns using MSP data and the newly constructed data dashboard. The project involves an empirical assessment of research questions that can be readily addressed with these data (e.g., What factors account for racial/ethnic traffic stop disparities?). Reports, presentations, and publications stemming from this project will build capacity in the MISAC, guide MSP on internal use, and teach other police agencies about internal and external traffic stop benchmarking procedures. The study will also have national implications for other SACs, BJS, and the research community related to equity and legitimacy in policing.