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State of Georgia 2020 State Justice Statistics Projects - SOAR Implementation Recidivism Impacts and NIBRS Utility Demonstration

Award Information

Award #
15PBJS-21-GK-00014-BJSB
Location
Awardee County
Fulton
Congressional District
Status
Open
Funding First Awarded
2022
Total funding (to date)
$434,808

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2022, $434,808)

The GA SAC proposes a two-year continuation plan to complete efforts initiated in FY 2020. There are several studies and efforts proposed for the two-year continuation initiative, with the efforts focusing on NIBRS data analytics, and utility for criminal justice policy research and practice. After completing a thorough data quality assessment with year 1 of the current award, the GA SAC proposes to demonstrate the uses of NIBRS to law enforcement agencies, so they can use their data for tactical decision-making and planning. A question of interest that the GA SAC will analyze is the degree to which NIBRS data can be used as an early warning system about potential impacts on the criminal justice system during emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Following the interest of Georgia’s governor, an analysis on gang-related crimes and their indicators will also be conducted to gain a better understanding of gangs. GA SAC also proposes to assess the implementation of a new hate crimes reporting module for both completeness and accuracy. The two continuation plan the GA SAC proposes builds upon it’s current capabilities, while also aligning with the interests of BJS and the State of Georgia. As a second project, under the Special Emphasis Category, the GA SAC proposes to continue work to assess recidivism among persons with serious mental illness. This study will employ the help from up to four pilot jails across the state of Georgia to implement the SOAR method for completing Social Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) applications for eligible inmates. Upon obtaining consent, demographic and outcome data (i.e., mental health changes, social ties with others, etc.), along with SSI/SSDI application data, will be tracked over time. Ultimately, this study will use computerized criminal history data in combination with jail and self-report data to examine both health and recidivism outcomes. Recidivism will be measured as both rate of re-arrest, chronicity of offending within and between counties, and escalation or de-escalation of offense. The SAC hypothesizes that inmates who qualify for Medicaid and begin receiving mental health services will desist from crime commission as they stabilize and engage in treatment.

Date Created: October 25, 2021