- In 2018, the combined state and federal imprisonment rate (431 sentenced prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents) was the lowest since 1996.
- The total imprisonment rate fell 15% from 2008 to 2018.
- From 2008 to 2018, the imprisonment rate dropped 28% among black residents, 21% among Hispanic residents, and 13% among white residents.
- In 2018, the imprisonment rate of black residents was the lowest since 1989.
Rates are based on prisoners sentenced to serve more than one year in state or federal prison. See table 5 in Prisoners in 2018 for rates from 2008 to 2018.
*Includes all races, including those not shown separately in the figure.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in 2018 (NCJ 253516, BJS, April 2020).