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Criminal Victimization 1993


ADVANCE FOR RELEASE AT 5 P.M. EDT                  
BJS  WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1995                      


WASHINGTON, D.C.  During 1993, the youngest age
group surveyed--those 12 through 15 years old--had
the greatest risk of being violent crime victims,
the Department of Justice announced today.  The
risk decreased steadily with age, from 1 in 8
young people 12-15 years old to 1 in 179 for those
65 or older.

Overall during the year there were almost 11
million violent victimizations and over 32 million
property crimes.  Expressed as the number of
crimes per 1,000, there were 52 violent
victimizations per 1,000 persons and 322 property
crimes per 1,000 households.  

Violent victimization rates declined with
increases in family income.  People living in
households with a yearly income of under $7,500
were more than twice as likely to fall victim to
violence as people in households with incomes of
$75,000 or more.

The 1992 and 1993 estimates were the first from a
redesigned survey of crime conducted by the 
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).  The total 
number of crimes measured among residents 
12 years old and older during 1993 was
an estimated 43.6 million.  

More than 1 million violent crimes committed
during 1993 were against victims related to the
offender.  In more than 500,000 incidents the
offender was the victim's spouse or former spouse. 
Of these, 9 percent were rapes or other sexual
assaults, 6 percent were robberies, 14 percent
aggravated assaults and 71 percent were simple

Although most of the estimated 485,000 victims of
rape, attempted rape or other sexual assault
during 1993 were women, males were the victims in
7 percent of all rapes and more than 13 percent of
other sexual assaults.

About 42 percent of the violent crimes and 33
percent of the property crimes were said to have
been reported to police.  However, 78 percent of
the almost 2 million completed or attempted motor
vehicle thefts were reported to law enforcement

More than 70 percent of the violent victimizations
were attempted but uncompleted criminal incidents, such
as threats involving weapons and robberies during
which no property was taken.  

Among the other survey highlights:

Households in U.S. cities were victimized by motor
vehicle theft at almost five times the rate
experienced by rural households.

City residents were robbed at more than three
times the rural residents' rate.

Violent crime victimizations during 1993 continued
a seven-year rise, principally driven by a moderate
rise in the number of attempted assaults.  

The data were obtained from the ongoing national
survey of America's households known as the
National Crime Victimization Survey.  Almost 50,000 households and
more than100,000 individuals participate in this Bureau of
Justice Statistics (BJS) program annually.  The
BJS survey has been conducted continuously since
1973.  The redesigned questionnaire in 1993 
gathered new and more detailed information on
sexual assaults and domestic violence as well as
other crimes the public has described to
interviewers in the past.  The collection of these
data will help to improve estimates of the
prevalence and consequences of these crimes for

The data include both crimes reported to police
and those that go unreported.  Because the BJS
survey includes unreported crime, there are
differences between these data and estimates from
the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI)
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), which are based on
police reports.  About 35 percent of all crimes
and 42 percent of violent crimes were said to have
been reported to law enforcement agencies last
year.  An estimated 28 million personal and
household crimes were not reported to police
during 1993.

The BJS survey gives expanded information not
previously available.  It measures crime from the
victim's perspective.  The recently released
preliminary 1994 UCR data from the FBI measures
crime from the police perspective.

The 1994 UCR statistics show that serious crime
reported to the police decreased for the third 
consecutive year.  The BJS data confirm declines 
in property crime victimizations through 1993, 
while the increase in violent victimizations 
through 1993 reflects an increase in attempted 
assaults that are not included in the UCR 
serious crime index.  Preliminary 1994 BJS 
crime victim data will be available in several 

Single copies of the survey bulletin, "Criminal
Victimization 1993" (NCJ-151658), written by BJS
statistician Lisa Bastian, may be obtained from
the BJS Clearinghouse, Box 179, Annapolis
Junction, Maryland 20701-0179.  The telephone
number is 1-800-732-3277.  Fax orders to 410-792-

Data from tables and graphs used in many BJS
reports can be obtained in spreadsheet files on 
5¬ and 3« inch diskettes by calling 202-307-0784.    

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After hours contact:  Stu Smith 301-983-9354

Date Published: May 31, 1995