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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Revised 7/16/98 pm ADVANCE FOR RELEASE AT 4:30 P.M. EDT BJS SUNDAY, JUNE 7, 1998 202/307-0784 THE NUMBER OF STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ASSIGNED TO PATROL AND RESPONSE DUTIES GREW BY 19 PERCENT IN FOUR YEARS WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The number of full-time state and local law enforcement officers whose regularly assigned duties included responding to calls for service grew by an estimated 67,000 officers to 423,000 officers between 1992 and 1996, an increase of 19 percent, the Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics reported today. As of June 1996 the total number of full-time state and local officers with arrest powers was 663,535--an increase of 55,000 officers since 1992. Civilian support staff employment increased during the four-year period by 20,000 to reach 258,443. There were 25 sworn and 10 non-sworn state and local law enforcement agency employees per 10,000 U.S. residents in 1996, compared to 24 sworn and 9 non-sworn personnel in 1992. In 1996, 18,769 state and local law enforcement agencies employed at least one full-time or part-time officer with general arrest powers. Seventy agencies employed 1,000 or more full-time sworn officers, including 41 local police agencies, 15 state police agencies, 12 sheriffs' departments and two special police agencies (the New York City public school system, with 2,899 sworn officers, and the Port Authority of New York-New Jersey, 1,350 officers). The largest law enforcement agency in the country, the New York City Police Department, employed 36,813 full-time officers. On the other hand, 2,245 agencies had just one full-time officer and 1,164 relied solely on part-time officers. Sixty-four percent of the state and local law enforcement officers in 1996 were uniformed personnel whose regularly assigned duties included responding to calls for service, compared to 59 percent in 1993. Another 15 percent of the full-time sworn officers were assigned to investigative duties in 1996. Other officers performed administrative work or were involved in training or technical support. Eight percent of full-time officers were performing jail-related duties, and 3 percent were doing court work, such as service process or court security. State and local law enforcement agencies in California had 103,967 full-time employees, sworn and non-sworn, in 1996, more than any other state. New York was second with 88,348, followed by Texas (73,112), Florida (60,808) and Illinois (50,255). Vermont had the fewest (1,336), followed by North Dakota (1,537), Wyoming (2,149) and Montana (2,541). The bulletin, "Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 1996" (NCJ-164618) was written by BJS statisticians Brian A. Reaves and Andrew L. Goldberg. Single copies may be obtained from the BJS fax-on-demand system by dialing 301/519-5550, listening to the menu, and selecting document number 114 or by calling the BJS Clearinghouse at 1-800/732-3277. The BJS Internet site is: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/ Additional criminal justice materials can be obtained from the Office of Justice Programs Internet homepage at: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov # # # BJS98129 After hours contact: Stu Smith at 301/983-9354
Date Published: June 7, 1998