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Probation and Parole in the United States, 2009

NCJ Number
231674
Date Published
December 2010
Author(s)
Lauren E. Glaze, Bureau of Justice Statistics; Thomas P. Bonczar, Bureau of Justice Statistics; Fan Zhang, Bureau of Justice Statistics
Agencies
BJS
Publication Type
Publication
Annotation
Presents the number of adults under community supervision (probation or parole) at yearend 2009 and the rate of change in both populations during the year. The report examines factors associated with changes in the probation and parole populations since 2000 and during the last year.
Abstract

Presents the number of adults under community supervision (probation or parole) at yearend 2009 and the rate of change in both populations during the year. The report examines factors associated with changes in the probation and parole populations since 2000 and during the last year. Includes a discussion about changes in the probation and parole populations in selected states, the number of entries onto and exits from community supervision, the rate at which probationers and parolees exit supervision, outcomes of supervision, and changes in the type of offenses among both populations. Appendix tables provide detailed data by jurisdiction, including entries and exits by type, sex, race and Hispanic or Latino origin; offense type; supervision status; Global Positioning System (GPS) offender tracking (including sex offenders); and other information.

Highlights
  • During 2009, the number of offenders on probation or parole-community supervision population-declined (down 0.9%) for the first time since the BJS began its Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey in 1980.
  • The percentage of probationers who completed the terms of their supervision or were discharged early increased between 2008 (63%) and 2009 (65%), contributing to the decrease observed in the probation population.
  • The percentage of parolees who completed the terms of their supervision or were discharged early rose between 2008 (49%) and 2009 (51%), contributing to the decrease observed in the total parole population.
Date Created: March 1, 2010