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Federal Prisoner Statistics Collected Under the First Step Act, 2023

NCJ Number
Date Published
November 2023

This is the fifth report as required under the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA; P.L. 115-391). It includes data on federal prisoners for calendar year 2022 provided to BJS by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). As required by the FSA, this report details select characteristics of persons in prison, including marital, veteran, citizenship, and English-speaking status; education levels; medical conditions; and participation in treatment programs. It also includes statistics BJS is required to report at the facility level, such as the number of assaults on staff by prisoners, prisoners’ violations of rules that resulted in time credit reductions, and selected facility characteristics related to accreditation, on-site health care, remote learning, video conferencing, and costs of prisoners’ phone calls.

  • The federal prison population increased about 1%, from 156,542 at yearend 2021 to 158,637 at yearend 2022.
  • Forty-one percent of persons in federal prison at yearend 2022 had a child age 20 or younger, down from 49% in 2021.
  • In 2022, a total of 96 pregnant females were held in BOP-operated facilities.
  • There were seven incidents of restraints used on five unique postpartum females and one incident of restraints used on a pregnant female during 2022.

Date Published: November 30, 2023