Chapter 23 of the Virginia Code establishes the Central Criminal Records Exchange to receive, classify, and file criminal history record information and other records required to be reported to it by law. In addition to specifying the duties and authority of the Exchange, the law addresses the dissemination of criminal history record information, the dissemination of juvenile record information, and reports to be made by designated agencies. Also covered in the law are the maintenance of and access to the Sex Offender Registry, the collection of fingerprints and photographs by police authorities, and the judicial requirement of fingerprints and photographs in certain misdemeanor cases. Chapter 27 of the Virginia Code establishes and specifies the duties for the Department of Criminal Justice Services. Among other duties, this department is to regulate the privacy, confidentiality, and security of criminal justice information. Also included in this compendium are the Virginia Freedom of Information Act, which provides for public access to government records, with specified exceptions; the Privacy Protection Act of 1976, which ensures safeguards for personal privacy by recordkeeping State agencies and political subdivisions; and regulations that relate to criminal history record information use and security.