- The imprisonment rate for sentenced prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction rose 152% from 1985 to 2007 (from 201 to 506 prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents) and then fell 13% from 2007 to 2017 (from 506 to 440), to reach its lowest point since 1996.
- According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program, the violent crime rate rose from 1985 to 1991, peaking at 758 reported violent crimes per 100,000 U.S. residents.
- Based on the UCR, the violent crime rate in 2014 was the lowest in recent decades, at 362 reported crimes per 100,000 residents, a 52% reduction from the high point in 1991.
- The 7% increase in the violent crime rate from 2014 to 2016, per the UCR, was the largest increase over a 2-year period in a quarter-century (since the increase from 1989 to 1991).
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aThe imprisonment rate is based on the number of sentenced prisoners (i.e., more than one year) under state or federal jurisdiction on December 31 of each year and includes prisoners held in publicly and privately operated facilities. Resident population estimates are from the U.S. Census Bureau for January 1 of the following year.
bIncludes murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape (legacy definition), robbery, and aggravated assault. Per the FBI, in 1995 the 168 murders and non-negligent homicides that resulted from the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City are included in the national estimate; and in 2001, the 2,823 murders and non-negligent homicides that resulted from the events of September 11, 2001, are not included in the national estimate.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in 2017 (NCJ 252156, BJS, April 2019), and imprisonment rate of sentenced prisoners under the jurisdiction of state or federal correctional authorities per 100,000 U.S. residents, December 31, 1978-2016, which was enumerated using the Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool at https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=nps; and BJS analysis of data from the FBI’s Crime in the United States, table 1 for 2018 and 2000 (https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/ucr/publications, downloaded on 2/13/2020).