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State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS)

Data Collection Status
Active
Frequency
Biennially 1988-2006, 2009
Latest Data Available
2009
Data Experts
George Ebo Browne, BJS Statistician
Matthew R. Durose, BJS Statistician
Collection Period
1988, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, and 2009
Description
Formerly National Pretrial Reporting Program (through 1994), SCPS provided data on the criminal justice processing of persons charged with felonies in 40 jurisdictions representative of the 75 largest counties. These counties accounted for nearly half of the serious crime nationwide. The program prospectively tracked felony defendants from charging by the prosecutor until disposition of their cases (a maximum of 12 months for nonmurder cases and 24 months for murder cases). Data were obtained on demographic characteristics, arrest charges, criminal justice status at time of arrest, prior arrests and convictions, pretrial release and detention, court appearance record, rearrests while on pretrial release, type and outcome of adjudication, and type and length of sentence.

BJS was issued a data advisory on the State Court Processing Statistics Data Limitations. The advisory describes limitations of the data collection that must be considered when analyzing SCPS data, drawing any conclusions based on the data, and citing BJS reports.

Date Created: May 26, 2009