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An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program

Data Collection Status
Annually since 1994
Data Experts
Connor Brooks, BJS Statistician
Collection Period



The Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program collects information on firearm applications and denials and combines this information with the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) transaction data to produce an estimated number of background checks for firearm transfers or permits since the effective date of the Brady Act in 1994. Reports describe trends in background check activities and the number of firearm transaction applications processed by the FBI and by state and local agencies, the number of applications denied, reasons for denial, and estimates of applications by jurisdiction and by each type of approval system.

Date Created: May 18, 2009