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Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program

Data Collection Status
Active
Frequency
Annually since 1994
Latest Data Available
2017
Data Experts
Connor Brooks, BJS Statistician
Collection Period
Annual
Description
The Firearm Inquiry Statistics (FIST) program collects information on firearm applications and denials and combines this information with the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) transaction data to produce an estimated number of background checks for firearm transfers or permits since the effective date of the Brady Act in 1994. Findings describe trends in background check activities and report data on the number of firearm transaction applications processed by the FBI and by state and local agencies, the number of applications denied, reasons for denial, and estimates of applications by jurisdiction and by each type of approval system.

Date Created: May 18, 2009